Scientists have figured out the genome sequence of roses that would help in improving future versions of the flower. They identified are 36,377 genes, many of them desirable traits that growers want to enhance such as scent, capacity to bloom multiple times, color, and flower architecture. Dr. Mohammed Bendahmane, a biologist from The Ecole normale superieure (ENS) Lyon, said that understanding these gene sequences will help in speeding up the growth of, as well as creating new varieties of roses.
It took centuries to breed roses with specific traits. Today, knowing the gene sequences makes this process faster and easier. Modern roses have been created from an estimated 150 natural species of the said flower. The plant genome took almost a decade to decode and 14 rose varieties have been sequenced.
Dr. Bendahmane emphasized that this is the new era for rose cultivation. Breeders can actually pick genetic samples of the traits that they want to reproduce.