Basic care for air plants, part 1

Tillandsia Ionanthasite.

By Yvette Tan

Tillandsia, also known as air plants, are gaining popularity as ornamentals. These evergreens get their nickname from their most defining characteristic: their ability to hang from wherever they can. They do this via their roots, which they derive nutrition from, but also use to attach themselves to a base, such as walls or logs. This means that they don’t need soil to thrive and thus make interesting indoor and outdoor decor.

“They eat through their roots also but their roots are really useful for anchoring,” says longtime air plant enthusiast Caludio “Tots” Sanchez-Mariscal. “But they feed really through their leaves. Very interesting.”

These plants can be easy to maintain, which is why they’re popular with newbies, but can also need a bit of coaxing to produce beautiful flowers and foliage, which is why they’re avidly collected by expert enthusiasts. Here are a few things to consider when growing tillandsia:

Sunlight. Tillandsias need partial morning to full sun exposure. “The more sunlight (they are exposed to), the better their coloration,” Sanchez-Mariscal says. “But if you cannot give proper sun (exposure), try to find a place where it can get the most sun. Your plant can adjust to even just three hours of sunlight.”

He adds that the pups, or the babies of a plant that’s adjusted to receiving less sunlight (say three hours) has a higher chance of coloring up within that same amount of time (also three hours). As Sanchez-Mariscal says, “Tillandsia is a plant that adapt to any changes given.”

Water. “Water is the only thing that you can control,” Sanchez-Mariscal says. Air plants should be watered only when their leaves are dry. Depending on how much sunlight it gets, this can be as often as three times a day.

Watered plants should be left to dry to prevent fungus growth. “Observe how fast it dries. If it dries within four hours, you’re fine to water again. But if it dries after 12 hours, try sticking to every other day,” he adds. “Get them used to being watered every day so when the rainy season arrives, your plant is safe.”

Ventilation. “Air ventilation is important because the plant has to dry,” Mariscal-Sanchez says. “Air circulation is the most important because air will dry up your plants, not the sun. Give your plant the best air circulation for your plants to be safe.”

Planting indoors. Tillandsia can be grown indoors, provided they receive proper water, light, and ventilation. They can be placed near screen windows that receive full or partial sunlight. In special cases, LED lights can be used to compensate for sunlight and an electric fan for ventilation.

“Give them basically three requirements: air, sun, and water. You’re fine,” Mariscal-Sanchez concludes.

Part 2 will discuss fertilizers, pest control, emergency care, and basic propagation. Tots Sanchez-Mariscal spoke about basic tillandsia care at the first Cactus, Succulent, and Bromeliad festival held at the SM Mall of Asia last June 20-23.

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Yvette Tan
Yvette Tan is Agriculture magazine's managing editor Agriculture.com.ph’s web editor. She is an award-winning writer who likes to eat, travel, and listen to stories about the strange and supernatural. She is dedicated to encouraging people to push for sustainable food sources and is an advocate of food security, food sovereignty, and the preservation of community foodways.

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