Having no space with full sun exposure at home is never a problem for people who want to grow food. In fact, there are vegetables that only require partial shade and there are even vegetables that are recognized as ‘shade vegetables’ because they cannot tolerate full sun exposure. 

The following are gardening types and tips for small or limited spaces that you can try:

Container Gardening

This is a gardening method where you have the ability to grow most vegetables and fruits but with proper maintenance in space, container, the right amount of sun exposure, and watering. Space-wise, this is very efficient as no growing space will be wasted because every soil in the container will be used for food production.

The key benefit of container gardening includes the ability to move the containers anytime, chasing where the sun is located to complete the necessary amount of exposure to sunlight. Many plants require a minimum of six hours to direct sunlight. However, shade vegetables can only stand sun exposure a few hours each day.

Things to consider in container gardening:

  • There is no limitation in terms of choosing containers for this kind of gardening, so you can be as creative as you want for your garden. However, you must not forget to drill holes or puncture the bottom of your chosen containers for proper drainage.
  • Many plants can grow in containers. Straw bales or bundles of straw from dead stems of grains can also be used as a medium.
  • Provide plants with enough water and food as they tend to dry out faster and nutrients are quick to be washed out compared to those planted in the ground. Observe your sun exposure and the plant’s growth from time to time.

Vertical Gardening

Since crops are grown upwards, this saves so much space hence, it will keep your garden in its maximum productivity and will give you more produce. Just like container gardening, this gives the grower a large range of options in choosing and innovating what planters to use.

Some of the crops that you can grow in a vertical manner include tomatoes, winter squash and melons, peas and pole beans, cucumbers, Asian greens, kitchen herbs, potatoes and more. Most of the mentioned edibles happily grow in vertical or upward fashion as long as it is kept and maintained with adequate support. Hanging planters can also be done for the beautification of the garden. Examples of crops to grow in hanging baskets are tomatoes and strawberries.

Raised bed and square foot gardening

If you ever have a garden or backyard, raised beds can be a way to maximize your space. Aside from it being able to produce more plants, it also makes weeds easier to pull out. The advantages of raised bed gardening are:

  • You can grow food in your chosen location without having to think of the ground soil condition as you will be providing your own.
  • No matter where your garden is situated, it provides excellent drainage in all soil conditions. There will be lesser soil problems like soil compaction so it will be easier to maintain the soil, especially in small spaces. Also, the soil will entirely be used for food production, so none of it will be wasted.
  • Raised bed gardening can be good for elderly people as it can save one from bending their back too much and is also PWD-friendly as it can be maintained even when the gardener is seated.

Keyhole garden

Keyhole gardens are circular layered beds with a compost pit in the center and a notch that allows the gardener to access the compost, hence, the keyhole shape. This is ideal for places with a hot climate. This is not often seen in typical gardens. You can use rocks, bricks, and other materials to make the outer wall.

Community gardens

Community gardens tend to keep a neighborhood more connected with the environment and with each other. Exchanging produce, knowledge, and materials would be a great way to build a healthy community. This is also great if one does not have a south-facing window, balcony or yard. Aside from this, it will help the youth to gain experience in food production.

Whatever type of gardening it may be, choosing the right plants and space is crucial in managing your garden. Study your chosen setting, type of gardening, and lastly, do not forget to enjoy the process!

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