The key to mitigating climate change may lie in the soil

According to the National Academy of Sciences and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), sequestering carbon in the soil can mitigate around 90 percent of agriculture’s greenhouse gases. 

The capacity of the soil to absorb such amounts of carbon offers a chance to reduce climate change on a global scale. 

In order to transfer carbon from the atmosphere to the soil, experts offered several strategies such as applying organic matter to the land, adopting no-till cultivation methods, and improving soil structure to help encase the carbon. 

Activities such as plowing or using agricultural chemicals can damage soil biology, thus making it difficult for the soil to sequester carbon. In the meantime, organic farming and well-managed can encourage carbon sequestration. 

Moreover, having grass around can also increase the chances of the soil in reducing the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. A report on climate change from the United Kingdom Soil Association claims that grass is highly capable of forming soil carbon due to it absorbing the gas during photosynthesis. 

Grazing animals also play a role in helping the grass and soil fulfill their carbon sequestering capabilities because the mere act of grazing enhances soil regeneration and supports the diverse functions of grass. 

Other than supporting soil-building and grass-based farming, other ways to achieve a climate-friendly diet is by buying foods that are local, in-season, and organic. These may be small acts but even such a minute practice can bear positive results in the long-run.  

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