Pruning is a process of selectively removing dead or unwanted branches of a plant, tree, or shrub to increase its growth and to avoid diseases. However, pruning is not an easy job and requires different techniques for each plant, so researching the right procedure to prune them is the best thing to do. The next time you’ll prune, make sure to avoid these pruning mistakes:
1. Wrong pruning time
There’s a right time to prune plants. There are plants that can be pruned immediately after flowering. Some need to be pruned in summer, and others can only be pruned during specific months. When you prune during the wrong time of the year, your plant may acquire diseases or worse, might die.
2. Pruning too much
When pruning, be careful not to overdo it. Removing too much stems and leaves at the same time can lead to plant disease or may slow down their fruiting and flowering stage. Some extreme cases might take years to recover as well.
3. Not pruning above the node
An appropriate way to prune is to cut it above the nodes where leaves, buds, and shoots meet from the stem. Not cutting above the node may cause diseases. However, do not cut too close above the nodes or to leave more than a centimeter above the node as these may result in failed growth as well.
4. Using dirty pruning materials
Materials must be properly sanitized before use to avoid the spread of diseases among plants. Unsharpened tools may end with a messy cut that prolongs the plants’ healing time, potentially exposing the plant to more risks. Regularly disinfect and sharpen your cutting tools for safer and longer use.
5. Wrong pruning angle
Cutting of branches must be in a downward angle so they won’t absorb too much rainwater through the wound. This will help reduce the risks of fungal infections as well.
6. Not pruning out canker
If canker (an airborne bacterial infection) is left unpruned, there’s a higher risk for other plants to be infected. Pruning this immediately can help lengthen the life of the tree or plant and can save them from death.
7. Non-removal of dieback
Bad planting, bad pruning, and physical damage are the three possible causes of dieback, a plant disease where a tree, plant, or shrub dies from the tip of the leaves down to its roots. Knowing how to properly prune to prevent the spread of this disease is crucial.
Pruning can be accomplished without sweat. However, not studying the process beforehand will affect the growth of your plants and trees.