A guide to flower and foliage arrangement, part 3: process 

Photo by Karolina Grabowska from Pexels.

Floral arrangement varies depending on a person’s interpretation and styles, this is what Cris De Leon, a florist from JADD Flowershop and an instructor in Laguna State Polytechnic University (LSPU) Los Baños said during the AgriTalk 2020 series “Dainty and Artsy: A webinar series on plant arts,” where he tackled about the principles and types of floral arrangements as well as the tools, materials, and care that floral arrangements entail.

Here, De Leon talks about the process of creating a flower arrangement. 

Procedures for creating a flower arrangement

Whether a horizontal or a round arrangement, the process of organizing foliage and flowers are very much alike. Differences come in based on the personal styles, purpose, and approach of the maker of the arrangement.

Once you have gathered the materials, the first thing you need to do is to submerge your floral foam into the water for about 15 to 30 minutes. In terms of size, it is best if your flower foam has the same size as your container. Cut the excess foam when needed and make sure that it fits perfectly into the container to prevent the damage of your arrangement. 

Next, prepare the leaves by cutting them into the height you’d want your foliage to be. Clean the stems by removing the leaves attached to it. The arrangement of leaves and flowers, as per the florist, is constantly evolving. There is an abstract design where there’s more freedom in style and shape like a mass arrangement and there’s also the linear arrangement where the elements have a similar height or features. 

Stick the leaves into the floral foam that will serve as the frame of your arrangement. For a more natural look, De Leon does not follow a certain measure when attaching the leaves. Continue until the floral foam is almost covered.

When done with the framework of your arrangement, which is the leaves, work on your flowers next. Make sure to remove the wilted leaves attached to it. When inserting them into the foam, it must not be too high nor too low. This is to avoid the flowers, especially the tiny ones, from being covered and to keep their volume in balance. Finish stuffing the gaps with fillers you’ve selected to fully conceal the base. After executing the style you want for your arrangement, you’re finished!

An arrangement lasts about three to five days given that the flowers are fresh when arranged and that it is provided with proper care through regular watering. Per arrangement, an estimated cost is more or less P200, depending on the flowers and materials used. The beauty of flowers is that it can convey different emotions and is not limited to one interpretation alone, says the florist. 

When it comes to making floral arrangements as a business, De Leon stressed that the market is one vital factor in this line of work. Since flowers are perishable and can only last for a short time, you must ensure that you have a sure market and that the location of your shop is in an accessible area. 


To watch the demonstration, click here.

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Vina Medenilla
Vina Medenilla is a content producer for Agriculture Monthly magazine. She is a graduate from Miriam College with a bachelor’s degree in Communication. Fashion, photography, and travel are some of the things she loves. For her, connection with nature is essential to one’s life.

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